Growing Liatris (Gayfeather)- Benefits and Instructions
Benefits of Growing Liatris
Medicinal - Historically the liatris plant was used to treat kidney, bladder, colic and sore throats. It has also been documented that the dried roots were burned as incense to treat headache symptoms.
Pollinator - These big showy plants will have bees and butterflies swarming to your garden, they even attract hummingbirds.
Sun Exposure: Full sun but can tolerate partial shade.
Soil: Prefers well drained soil, will tolerate almost any type of soil condition.
Moisture: Water plants regularly during the first growing season to establish a strong root system. Once established, liatris plants are fairly drought tolerant. DO NOT overwater; plants can rot if the soil is too moist
Planting: Liatris flowers are relatively easy to propagate and grow from seed, if they are not planted too deep and are stratified or winter-sown. The seeds from all Liatris need to go through a winter in order to germinate. So, you will have to either winter-sow the seeds or stratify the in the refrigerator in order to get a high germination percentage. Liatris can be started indoors, lightly cover seeds with no more then 1/16" of soil. Plants grown from seeds generally will not bloom until their second year.
Spacing: Ideal plant spacing 8-12 inches.
Sow seeds: Sow seeds with a light 1/8-1/4 inch of soil
After the gayfeather plant dies back to the ground, cut back foliage and dead flower stalks back. Leave about 4” above the ground. Hang plants upside down to dry. Seeds can be collected by running your hands down the stalk. Store dried seeds in the refrigerator or plant during the fall for the spring.
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